How can Community-Based Participatory Research Address Hate Crimes and Incidents?


  • Landon Turlock University of Alberta
  • Maria Mayan University of Alberta



community-based participatory research, hate crimes, hate incidents, community-based research, Canada


Reports of hate crimes in Canada have increased by 72% from 2019 to 2021 (Moreau, 2022). Hate crimes harm those directly victimized and members of targeted communities (Erentzen & Schuller, 2020; Perry & Alvi, 2011). Many Canadian stakeholders advocate for increased community engagement in preventative and responsive interventions to this increasing concern. This article poses that Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is an appropriate approach for further exploring hate crimes and incidents and suggests strategies for this area of study, including: building community partnerships; advocating for trauma-informed practices; prioritizing cultural humility and intersectionality; preparing for lengthy pre-participation communication with potential participants; anticipating out-of-scope volunteer participants; and accounting for unanticipated actions of participants. 

Author Biographies

Landon Turlock, University of Alberta

is a Master of Arts in Community Engagement candidate at the University of Alberta. They have professional experience as a Registered Social Worker in addressing hate crimes, preventing violent extremism, municipal government, non-profit leadership, community development, crime prevention, restorative justice, youth work, public education, and public engagement. 

Maria Mayan, University of Alberta

is a professor in the School of Public Health at the University of Alberta and an Associate Director of the Community-University Partnership. She is an engaged scholar who grounds her work in the policy environment and situates her work at the intersection of government, not-for-profit, and disadvantaged communities. 


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How to Cite

Turlock, L., & Mayan, M. (2023). How can Community-Based Participatory Research Address Hate Crimes and Incidents?. Engaged Scholar Journal: Community-Engaged Research, Teaching, and Learning, 9(1), 61–74.

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